Farm Record Keeping in Agri-business

The success of any agri-business depends on accurate record keeping. Farm records keeping is an activity most farmers try to avoid. They say it is time-consuming. However, record keeping is a very important task in agriculture. If you plan to be a prominent farmer with productive farms, you cannot avoid record keeping in your daily farming endeavours.

Expenses and income records helps to determine profit or loss at the end of the financial year. Above all, record keeping helps to evaluate management practices that might need to be improved upon. In this post, i will give farmers and intending farmer’s reasons to be very particular about records keeping.

  • Better farm planning and forecasting

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Sheep and Goat Farming In Nigeria:Beginner’s Guide

Sheep and Goat Farming
Sheep and Goat farming in Nigeria is not a new enterprise, it is a traditional business that is profitable, less risky and very easy to start up. Sheep&Goat farming has been in existence since the ancient time. Generally it means rearing Sheep&Goat for the purpose of harvesting milk, meat, wool and fiber. At present, Sheep&Goat farming has become a profitable business as it requires a very low investment because of its multi-functional utility. Sheep&Goat also can be used as a tool for poverty reduction and plays an important role in the economic growth of Nigeria.

Farm Location
Selecting a suitable location for starting a Sheep&Goat farm is very important. Consider the essential facilities, while selecting the location. Clean and fresh water source, availability of adequate amount of greens, access to proper medication, transportation and proper marketing are the essential facilities for starting commercial sheep&goat farming.

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Rabbit farming is an agribusiness with a vast market, especially due to statistics showing that over 1 million tonnes of rabbit meat is consumed yearly around the world. Rabbit farming hasn’t just proven to be a great source of income to thousands of people worldwide, but has also been identified as a great source of food for parts of Africa, including Nigeria.
Rabbit farming has come a long way. Since the growing need for meat protein, over the years, the animal protein intake of the average Nigerian is lower than 20 percent of his counterpart in Europe. Along with the decline in land availability to raise cattle and other livestock’s, this as make rabbit farming very common in Nigeria. It is equally creating wealth to the teeming unemployed youths and rabbit farmers.

Rabbits have a maturing period of 4-5 months after which they can start reproducing. A female rabbit gives birth every 2 months (60 days) to a litter of 6 on average after a gestation period of between 28 and 31 days. The litter number may be more in some cases. The weaning period (suckling) is 28-31 days after which a farmer should start feeding them on green vegetation’s and pellets. Read More


Getting into a new business is a milestone as you have triumph the problem deciding what line of business to engage in and kick starting it. However, studies have shown that sustaining business to successfully go through transition at different stages of growth have been more daunting challenge than starting them.
Why most agribusiness fail today is because of lack of foresight to implement change at the appropriate time as the business runs. To be a successful agripreneur, you need to able to move your business from one stage to another, so as to create wealth and build up sustainably.

Generally planning, decision making, management, business performance evaluation, self-discipline, customer service and retention strategy, financing the business and handling of stress and pressure are implicated in the actualization of success or not of a business. However imperative causes of why most agribusiness fail and possible solutions would be pointed out in this post: Read More

Start up Lesson For Every Agripreneurs

Agripreneurs are a new breed of entrepreneurs combining their love of farming and agriculture with business. A successful agripreneur is one who has the ability to think outside the box, recognizing opportunities which others could not see. Here are some Start up lesson for every agripreneurs:

  • Identify one area of agribusiness

If you are a “Jack of all trades” you will find it difficult being a master in one business. You need to concentrate on building and promoting a business. Do not start  agri-business because you heard it bring high returns, venture into a business you love and have background information on, study the business carefully, build an energy around the business, acquire more skill on the business, apply your own ideas, bring in experts that will help you grow the business.

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Cost and Returns of Broiler production in Nigeria

Cost and returns of broiler production is often a critical factor to be considered once there is a concept to invest in broiler production cost and returns of broiler production in Nigeria is important so as to evaluate the viability of investment in broiler production for “return of investment cost” and profit, which however could be foreseeably determined based on certain regulating principles of broiler production.

Generally the regulating principles of broiler production, accounts for the optimistic and pessimistic views and approach towards the cost and returns estimation of broiler production so as to provide a clear and accurate situation for the expectation of investment in broiler production. However, the projection of the costs and returns of broiler production in Nigeria can be practically be unactualized, actualized even more so surprising, depending on the management of the broiler as with every other livestock. These principles are vital to provide a bankable business plan for an investor for broiler production. Read More

Broiler production in Nigeria: A Good Start-up Business for every Agripreneur

Broiler production is a good start up business for every agripreneur in Nigeria. Even with the concept of “start small and grow big” or by massive deployment of capital for commercial start-up. Broiler production in Nigeria as a start-up business for every agripreneur provides an opportunity for a source of income, as well as a means to fulfil a need within and across the socio-economic populace of Nigeria. Agripreneurs, who wish to start up broiler production in Nigeria, like every other entrepreneurs, should be detailed about the (SWOT) Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats as peculiar to broiler production in Nigeria.
Strength of broiler production as can be perceived by an agripreneur include the fast return to investment nature of broiler production, due to short time required (6-8 weeks) for the production cycle and the ability for broiler meat to command a good price, which pays off the investment and production cost with allowance of substantial profit for the agripreneur within a shorter possible time; which however can only be actualized on the basis of good management. Read More


Dog breeding in Nigeria is a very lucrative business if properly managed. Gone are the days where dogs are mainly kept for security purposes. Dogs are now kept as pet and for companionship due to their cute look and friendly nature.
Get required knowledge- it is important to get trained by breeders who are already in the business to equip yourself with adequate information about breeds of dogs, prices, their behaviours, handling and feeding.
Parent Stock- selecting the parent stock/breed remains the greatest challenge in dog breeding, because any mistake in choosing can ruin the business before even starting. Different areas have different breeds of dogs that sells fast. Things to have in mind when selecting parent stock:

• Choose breed you are familiar with the nature of handling and behaviour.
• Choose breed you can easily market for the puppies.
• Choose parent stock with a proper vaccination record. Read More


Good pig feed contains sufficient energy, protein, minerals& vitamins. It is advisable to feed your pigs twice a day (morning and evening). The age of your pig depends on the type of feed they will eat. Young pigs need succulent diet high in amino acid. After three months, young pigs could be put on adult feed that will have lower levels of protein. Aside from concentrates (formulated feed), you can offer your pigs other feedstuffs like grass, vegetables and kitchen waste.
What makes up the pigs feed
– Carbohydrate
– Protein
– Fat and oil
– Minerals
– Vitamins
– Water
Some feed ingredient for formulation of ration for pigs.
Maize- Grains forms major constituent of the

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Pigs are kept in almost all the farms in Nigeria. It is still common to find pigs roaming freely around communities in rural areas of southern Nigeria than in the Northern parts due to religious taboo associated with pig farming. However, pig farming enterprises are also found in and around towns and cities in many areas of Nigeria, and stands a good lucrative source of income when properly managed like every other farming business.
Good pig farming in Nigeria relies on a combination of inter connected aspects such as housing, breeding and reproduction, nutrition, disease prevention & control and management; which are incorporated into intensive system of pig keeping to achieved a desirable and sustainable production. Read More